Written by Eve Bandusena | Parents Avenue’s Editorial Assistant
There’s an estimated figure that 40% of pregnancies are unplanned.
Furthermore, contraception knowledge among married Malaysian women are low as about 35% and is projected to be lower among unmarried women.
This is due to the devastating stigma associated with premarital sex in our conservative country.
Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist at Gleneagles Hospital Kota Kinabalu, Dr. Alagammai Ramanathan, asserts the prevalence of this issue requiring the immediate attention of not only married couples looking to start a family but it applies to unmarried women too.
“This is something to talk about.” Dr. Gammai establishes.
Family planning provides many benefits to the mother of the children and the family as a whole in several aspects such as the physical health of the mother, family bonding and financial stability.
“It’s important for the mother to regain their health and ensure that all nutrients are restored adequately in the body,” she continues, “Beside that, more attention can be given to existing children and allows us personal development.”
Dr. Gammai also articulates that planned families are emotionally stronger and stable.
“Children have less behaviour problems as they receive more attention and quality time between their mother and father,” she states, “This leads to lesser fights and misunderstanding at home as nuclear families.”
“In Kota Kinabalu, knowledge of contraception among men is quite poor.” Dr. Gammai exclaims.
She explains that, not only do women have to bear the weight of contraception but still need the consent of their husbands.
“As I explain the contraception methods to women, they’ll listen to everything and most of the time the final answer will be, ‘Doctor, please allow me to discuss with my husband and get back to you’ and most of the time they return pregnant and the cycle continues.” She warily relays.
Dr. Gammai goes on to depict the domestic patterns faced by married women.
“Once we reach home, there is a baby to take care of; housework to carry out; errands to run; dealing with in-laws. All these tasks are seen as priorities and the contraception is forgotten.”
“However, it’s always nice to see couples coming in together to discuss about contraception so they both are able to comprehend and decide what methods are best for them.”
She lastly notes that, “Contraception is an option. You can listen to your doctor and apply them, or not. That is completely depending on the couple.”
Condoms are a “barrier” method of contraception. They are designed to prevent pregnancy by stopping the sperm from meeting an egg. They also protect the user from STD’s.
According to Planned Parenthood, a vasectomy is a simple surgery done by a doctor in an office, hospital, or clinic. The small tubes in your scrotum that carry sperm are cut or blocked off, so sperm can’t leave your body and cause pregnancy. The procedure is very quick, and you can go home the same day. And it’s extremely effective at preventing pregnancy — almost 100%.
A contraceptive diaphragm or cap is a circular dome made of thin, soft silicone that’s inserted into the vagina before sex. It covers the cervix so sperm can’t get into the womb (uterus) to fertilise an egg.
Some advantages of the pill include:
The contraceptive implant (Nexplanon) is a small flexible plastic rod that’s placed under the skin in your upper arm. It releases the hormone progestogen into your bloodstream to prevent pregnancy and lasts for 3 years.
An IUCD is a small T-shaped plastic and copper device that’s put into your womb (uterus) by a doctor or nurse. It releases copper to stop you getting pregnant and protects against pregnancy for between 5 and 10 years. It’s sometimes called a “coil” or “copper coil”.
This contraceptive patch is a small sticky patch that releases hormones into your bidy through your skin to prevent pregnancy.
Natural family planning (or “fertility awareness) is a method of contraception where a woman monitors and records different fertility signals during her menstrual cycle to work out when she’s likely to get pregnant.
Family planning is beneficial to families in many aspects such as the mother’s health including her children’s and its effect on a family’s financial condition. Economically, the high cost of having children includes medical bills relating to pregnancy, birth including the soaring price of raising them.
Since it’s the responsibility of the parents to provide basic necessities such as education, shelter, clothes, and food for their children. Family planning can be the right tool in ensuring that the parents will have to ability to assess options in raising children sufficiently.
“These are the few contraception available with the advantage and disadvantages.” Dr. Gammai says.
She ends with, “Each and every method has its own good and back points. So do discuss with your doctors before deciding what is the best method for you. Remember, everybody is different so there’s no one contraception that fits all.”
Disclaimer: This article is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any diseases. At Parents Avenue, we strongly recommend all our readers to seek medical advise from your local hospital or clinic. Thank you.
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